Panel 1: Ecology, Culture, and Community

Over half of the Caribbean’s ecologically preserved land is Cuban territory, including some of the last pristine coral reefs in the Western hemisphere, Cuba, has – thus far – mostly avoided the all-inclusive tourism-driven overdevelopment missteps that have plagued Cancún, Spain’s Costa del Sol, and Turkey’s Mediterranean Coast. How will a transitioning Cuba balance the promises of tourism and retain its unique cultural and unparalleled environmental character?

10:30-11:45pm Panelist Presentations

Legal Frameworks for Environmental and Cultural Preservation.
Aynel Alvarez Guerra, Foreign Staff Associate, Brown Rudnick

Education, Research, and the Role of Local Communities in Coastal Zone Management: A Caribbean Perspective
Jorge Alberto Angulo Valdés, Professor and Head of Marine Conservation Group at Center for Marine Research, University of Havana

Divided Shores, Collective Ecosystems: Working Across the Straits of Florida since Helms-Burton (1996) and Future Directions for Environmental Policy
Dr. David Guggenheim, Marine Scientist / President, Ocean Doctor

Community-Focused Urban Development in a Transitional Context
Alejandro Echeverri, Loeb Fellow 2015-16/Co-founder and Director, Urbam

Respondent: Dilip da Cunha, Lecturer in Urban Planning and Design at Harvard Graduate School of Design, Adjunct Professor at the School of Design, University of Pennsylvania

11:45am-12:30pm Panelist discussion and questions

Panel 2: Built Environment and Housing

Cuba’s built environment and its housing stock face major capital backlogs and physical/ functional obsolescence.  Substantial long-term capital finance would normally be required to upgrade and transform this stock. How will public finance (e.g. government, DFIs) and increasing private finance (e.g. developers, banks) interact? What are the spatial implications of this transition, and how will policies shape, or be affected by, the interaction?  How do larger-scale projects – infrastructural improvements to roads and bridges, telecommunications and internet upgrades, and electrical grid and port upgrades – fit the vision?

1:30pm-2:45pm Panelist Presentations

History and Modernity: Transition through Cuban Architecture
Gabriel Fuentes, founder and director of DA|S Design Action Studio for Research, Architecture + Urbanism

Global Context: The interaction of public and private finance on housing and built environment in transitional states
David A. Smith, CEO and Founder, Affordable Housing Institute

Development Pressures: Negotiating a Complex Business Space
Adolfo R. Garcia, Counselor at Law, Brown Rudnick

Cuba Facing Forward: The Function of Planning in a Regional Re‐imagining
Joseph L. Scarpaci, Ph.D. (AACSB-Marketing), Executive Director, Center for Cuban Culture + Economy

Respondent: Belmont Freeman, FAIA, Principal of Belmont Freeman Architects

2:45-3:30pm Panelist discussion and questions

Closing: The Way Forward

What is a transitioning context, and where do development and environment fit it? Economy, built environment, and ecology influence each other, which, in turn and affect and are affected by government policy and regulation. How can Cuba find a way forward that yields a sustainable, prosperous, inclusive island that also maintains its distinctive Cuban character?  What can we do to help achieve that vision?


Co-organizers: Harvard Graduate School of Design Master of Design Studies (MDes) Risk and Resilience and theAffordable Housing Institute